WG CDR ARTHUR T. WHITELOCK
In 2019 a small headstone was discovered in the Cemetery of the picturesque Gloucestershire village of Bibury, just a few miles to the west of 10 Squadron's present base at RAF Brize Norton. The stone marked the place where the ashes of a former Officer Commanding No 10 Squadron had been interred in 1964, to be later followed by those of his wife in 1972. It was in a very weather-beaten condition and its surfaces with engraved scripts were eroded and almost illegible, whilst also being covered with a hard fungal residue. The site held the ashes of Arthur and Frances Whitelock.
After painstaking and lengthy research to discover if there were relatives of the Whitelocks from whom permission might be obtained to replace the stone, no immediate family members were found: the couple had no children.
The 10 Squadron Association then submitted a formal ‘faculty’ to the Diocese of Gloucester asking for permission to replace the stone, which after some delay because it was in the Covid-19 pandemic year, took a while to eventually be granted. After a crowd-funding project amongst the 10 Squadron Association members had achieved the desired amount, a new stone was duly ordered and placed in situ on the site of the old one and a small ceremony held was by Squadron and Association members on 8 May 2021; numbers attending being limited by Covid ‘distancing’ rules.
Wg Cdr Arthur T. Whitelock had been the commanding officer of 10 Squadron from April 1929 to August 1930 whilst the Squadron were based at RAF Upper Heyford flying Handley Page Hyderabad bombers and it was he who conceived the idea of the Squadron Badge and Motto. The ‘winged arrow’ was considered to denote a modern bomb delivered from the air at great speed and the Latin motto translates to mean, ‘To Hit The Mark’.
Whilst this following website selection of 10 Sqn Memorial items have been found for locations distant from the known graves of the former 10 Squadron members, an exception has been made in Arthur Whitelock’s case in order to honour his memory for creating the badge and motto, which were later given Royal Approval in 1937, some seven years after his time on the Squadron.
Whilst it is well known that many 10 Squadron aircrew were amongst the nearly 11,000 prisoners of war incarcerated in the infamous Stalag Luft lll, PoW camp, none were amongst the escapers whose sad exploits gained fame in the 1963 film 'The Great Escape'.
Nevertheless, there is a close link to one particular PoW; - a 10 Squadron pilot whose name will live on in the memory of that event's subsequent outcome.
To read more: Click on the image below of the memorial built shortly after the March 1944 breakout.
The Memorial to the 'Great Escapers', many of whom were shot by the Gestapo after their re-capture
Heslington Hall is situated on University Way in south-east York.
The Hall was built in 1598 for Sir Thomas Eynns. With modifcations made in Victorian times and also in the 20th century, it was vacated in WW2 by the family of Baron Deramore and became the Headquarters of RAF No 4 Group Bomber Command. After the war it remained unoccupied until the mid-1960s when it became the Administrative Building for the newly opened York University.
A wall plaque measuring approximately 50 cms x 30 cms on a stairwell to the right side of the main Reception area pays tribute to the personnel of the Group who made the supreme sacrifice in the air and on the ground during WW2.
10 Squadron, based initially at Dishforth then Leeming and finally RAF Melbourne, comprised just one of the many Yorkshire 4 Group squadrons and lost some 839 aircrew during its WW2 bombing operations.
Articles are in Date Order so please SCROLL DOWN below to find most recent date:
Air Chief Marshal Sir Angus (Gus) Walker gives his left-handed salute at the 10 Squadron War Memorial inauguration on
15 September 1985.
The Memorial was designed by architect and aviation artist Norman Appleton (1926 - 2022)
(Click on the Plaque image above, to enlarge)
RAF Leeming, North Yorkshire
Situated close to what was the original Main Gate of RAF Leeming (until it's redevelopment several years ago) is a memorial stone and plaque remembering all the operational flying squadrons that were based there during WW2: 10 Sqn arrived from nearby RAF Dishforth in July 1940 and left for RAF Melbourne in August 1942.
Images donated to the IBCC Memorials Project and reproduced with the kind permission of Steve Dobson
Much of the information below has come from Tony Hibberd, who is a volunteer researcher at the International Bomber Command Centre, (IBCC) Lincoln. We are most grateful to him in allowing us to share his research.
We must also mention the Scottish Military Research Group for kindly allowing us the use of some of their images.
Scroll down from Here
to find memorials which are listed in the date order of aircraft loss and
CLICK ON THE IMAGE OF EACH PLAQUE OR MEMORIAL BELOW
to 'Read More' in a pdf file which will then open
(Not all images are linked in this way: -those which are linked show a hand pointer when your cursor is scrolled over the memorial image)
Whitley: Missing in action following the first WW2 raid to Berlin 1-2 October 1939
In memory of the crew of K 9018
Large wooden plaque held by 10 Sqn at their RAF Brize Norton HQ
York Raceway Plaque: in Taxiway-light Concrete Block - RAF Melbourne
In memory of all who lifted off at this point to engage in bombing missions during WW2 (No additional pdf text link)
Note: This plaque is situated on Private Property
Whitley: Flying Accident 23 January 1939
Memorial to Plt Off Allan F.W. MILES in the Garrison Church, Southsea, Portsmouth
Whitley: Crash in Tredegar, Wales - 13 November 1940
(No additional pdf text link)
In memory of Sgt Peter D. GOLDSMITH pilot of VT 4232
We have found, since this was first posted here, that Sgt Goldsmith was in fact the 2nd pilot on this crew and his captain was a Fg Off Peter W.F. Landale, later promoted to squadron leader rank. Whilst Landale survived this crash and subsequently rejoined 10 Squadron, we now learn that he was later Missing in Action - possibly over the North Sea when his Whitley Z 6624 failed to return after a Hanover raid on 25/26 July 1941. Memorials to him are to be found in his home area of Dalswinton and Kirkmahoe, Dumfries, Scotland. Having no grave he is remembered at the Runnymede Memorial.
Plaque mounted on stone at Parc Bryn Bach Visitor Centre
(Nth-East of Merthyr Tydfill)
Whitley: Crash in Schuinesloot, Netherlands 5/6 July 1941
Plt Off R. Goulding - Pilot, Sgt R.I.H. Aird - Gunner, Sgt D. Morrison - Observer, Sgt R.H. Jordan - Wop
Whitley: Missing over The North Sea off the Dutch Coast 25/26 July 1941
Sqn Ldr Peter W.F. Landale DFC is remembered in the stained-glass window
at Dalswinton Barony Church, Dumfries & Galloway
1941/1942/1943 The Blackpool Fish Brothers
BLACKPOOL – Seventh Day Adventist Chapel, Bolton Street
¾ mile south of Blackpool Tower, on a road parallel to Blackpool’s ‘Golden Mile’ and just off Lytham Street, in nondescript-looking Bolton Street, is a very small Seventh Day Adventist chapel. Above the door on the external wall, is a weathered memorial tablet remembering three brothers from the town who were all killed, serving with the RAF during WW2. One of them served at RAF Melbourne, Yorks, as a Halifax pilot on 10 Squadron. To read more, click on the image of the tablet below:
Halifax: Crash on Hood Hill, Sutton Bank, North Yorks 5 May 1943
An accident in which 5 Halifax crew members were killed when their aircraft hit high ground.
Halifax: Crashed at RAF Tangmere, West Sussex 19 November 1943
In memory of a crew who were all killed in their severely damaged Halifax, whilst attempting to land at Tangmere after a raid on Germany
Memorial to all the crew of Halifax HX 181 (ZA-K) whose aircraft crashed into a hangar at RAF Tangmere
(Enquire at the Tangmere Military Aviation Museum (TMAM) to access the Memorial at the edge of the old airfield, not far from the Control Tower)
A further link to the individual crew members named on the Memorial may be found here:
A small plaque shown below, in the TMAM Garden of Remembrance also remembers the crew.
To open a subsequent article about any memorials shown,
Click on the image of it
Halifax: Shotdown over Ost Wippengen, Germany 27 September 1943
In memory of Sgt Ernest J. E. JARMAN, air bomber on Mk2 Halifax JD272 (click on image below)
Halifax: Missing in Action - Berlin Raid, 20 January 1944
(Note: The Squadron records Douglas Arthur as a flight sergeant at the time of his last flight, whereas this memorial plaque in St Timothy's lists him as a sergeant. He was the son of John and Edith Arthur of Liversedge, Yorks.)
Images courtesy: Mark Hanson
Halifax: Shot down near Perles, Aisne, France 29 June 1944
In memory of Sgt Jonathan Cuffey.
This memorial must be unique in that a street is named after a 10 Sqn tail gunner who lost his life when his aircraft crashed near Perles in France in June 1944. Sgt J. Cuffey was the only one on his crew to lose his life and he is buried near the Perles village church, where he is remembered every year on Memorial Day (8 May). Click on the image below to read the story.
Halifax: Mid-Air Collision - Taillette, France 17-18 December 1944
In memory of the crews of Halifaxes LV 818 & NP 699 (432 Sqn)
Taillette Village War Memorial
Flt Lt W. (Bill) Gorley DFC - 29 March 1946 - Burma Dakota KP 270
Flimby Village Cemetery War Memorial, Nr Workington, Cumbria CA15 8TJ
For many years WW2 10 Sqn Nav Leader Douglas Newham wondered if a Memorial had ever been erected anywhere to commemorate his great friend Flt Lt Bill Gorley who had died in a Dakota crash in north-east Burma at the end of March 1946. Although married with a Surrey address, Doug knew that Bill had been raised in Cumbria and thanks to Doug’s dedication, fine memory and superb research help given to him by BBC Radio Cumbria, Bill’s name was finally found in 2020.
It is on the War Memorial located near the entrance to the cemetery adjacent to St Nicholas Church, in the coastal village of Flimby, some four miles north of Workington. 75 years after Bill Gorley loss of life and Doug’s subsequent quest started, Bill's name was found and Doug was able to pay his final respects to his friend.
Sadly Doug himself aged 100, was to pass away in March 2022. Like his friend, he will be sadly missed.
Click here to read: A Very Sad Day for 10 Squadron in Burma
29 March 1946
OC 10 Sqn (1942) - Plymouth Hoe Memorial, Devon - Don Bennettt (1910 - 1986)
In his then rank of a wing commander in 1942, Air Vice Marshal D.C.T. Bennett CB, CBE, DSO, commanded No 10 Squadron at RAF Leeming. On leaving the Squadron he formed the renowned 'Pathfinder Force' of No 8 Gp, Bomber Command.
His ashes rest beneath the Plymouth Hoe Memorial commemorating RAF losses from 1939 - 1945.